For a comfortable stay in our hospital and for a successful outcome of the surgery it is extremely important to let the patient know the type of preparation for the operation, basic anesthetic procedures, supervision after the operation, and also possible side effects and complications.
Preoperative Preparation Of The Patient
Preparation begins when the patient decides for the operation, based on discussions with our orthopedist. In a conversation with the manager of the hospital’s activities, the patient aligns the end of the surgery receiving all the data necessary for a total and quality preparation. Among other things, depending on the type of planned surgical intervention, the patient receives a list of all the necessary visits that he must carry out in the time of preparation for the operation, which however cannot be older than 15 days compared to the date of the operation.
It is desirable for the patient to deliver the results of the visits (except x-rays) via email, fax or post to the hospital. The patient fills out the “Questionnaire on health conditions”, in which he inserts all the data about current and surgical diseases, any allergies and drugs he is taking.
Based on these data, together with the results of the aforementioned visits, the anesthesiologist determines the need for additional specialist visits, or laboratory visits. In these matters taking the advice and guidance of Dr. Narinder Grewal happens to be the best option. Visit his page http://www.drnarindergrewal.com/ to know more about him.
Preoperative Visit By Anesthesiologist
Shortly after admission to the hospital, the anesthesiologist makes a preoperative examination based on the results of the visits, as well as information on the patient’s state of health (diseases, drugs, allergies, laboratory visits) evaluates the patient’s readiness to intervention. During the visit and the exam, the anesthetist lets the patient know all the methods of anesthesia, their advantages and disadvantages, risks and possible side effects. Keeping in mind the patient’s health conditions, the anesthesiologist suggests the optimal method of anesthesia, leaving the patient the final decision.
The main objective of anesthesia procedures is to remove the pain and discomfort caused by diagnostic and surgical procedures. This is possible by following different methods. Equipment for modern anesthesia allows a full understanding of the activities of all vital organs, significantly reducing the risk of anesthesia, providing optimal conditions for the surgeon’s work. Therefore, the choice of anesthetic methods is often reduced. There are two basic types of anesthesia: total and regional.
Total Anesthesia (Narcosis)
Total anesthesia is the state of the body similar to deep sleep, in which the patient does not feel pain, but neither does other external stimuli. The expert starts by setting the intravenous infusion to the patient by injecting a fast-acting tranquilizer, and continue with strong analgesics and several anesthetics. This status is maintained throughout the operation. Instruments used to ensure the flow of oxygen and, if necessary, anesthetic gases, are, a mask that is placed in front of the entrance of the trachea and the tube that is introduced into the trachea (endotracheal anesthesia). Upon completion of the operations, the anesthesiologist interrupts the administration of the anesthetic and the patient wakes up. Given the special attention given to pain care, the vast majority of patients experience no pain.